Ways for Blackhead Removal according to skincare professionals and dermatologists
Deep Blackheads on nose? These treatments are not a problem.
While not all pimples are fun, blackheads can be one of the most annoying pimples to deal with – they’re heavy, hard to hide, and they come back. And as the Blackhead deep cleansing mask goes up, it seems like the blackheads have started to appear recently.
But before you put your fingers in the proper position to squeez, step away from the mirror and read on. We interviewed top dermatologists about the cause of blackheads and how to remove blackheads in various ways (including at home, either immediately or overnight) and in different places, from the nose, cheeks, back and more. Plus, our experts share their favorite blackhead removal ingredients and products.
What exactly are blackheads?
“Blackheads, medically known as open comedones, are pores filled with oil or sebum, debris, and dead skin cells,” explains Robin Gmyrek, a dermatologist at Park View Laser Dermatology in New York City. The oily mixture settles at the opening of the pore surfaces, where it oxidizes in the air and turns black or gray.
While dark matter is often assumed to be trapped dirt, “it has nothing to do with cleanliness,” she says. Blackheads and whiteheads are often the first signs of acne, explains Ife Rodney, MD, a dermatologist and founding director of Eternal Dermatology in Fulton, MD. The main difference between them is that the blackheads seem to darken due to the opening of the pores, while “the whiteheads are closed comedones, which means that the surface of a plugged follicile is covered with a thin layer of skin, That creates a lighter color, “she says.
Before Blackhead Removal ,Know What Causes Blackheads?
Dr. Gymrek says that blackheads have many underlying causes. “It most commonly appears at puberty, when hormones increase sebum or oil production and clog pores,” she explains. “Hormones can also fluctuate and cause blackheads during menstruation, pregnancy, and in people with polycystic ovary syndrome or other hormonal syndromes where there is an excess of androgens.” Other factors may include taking steroids, wearing tight clothing and hats or helmets when sweating (think athletes), and using thicker, clogging creams or oil-based products that can clog pores.
“Genetics can also play a role in the appearance of blackheads,” says David Bank, MD, founder and director of the Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser Surgery at Mount Kisco, New York. That is, if your siblings or parents are prone to blackheads, chances are you are. “The size of the pores is determined by genetics, and those with larger pores are more likely to develop blackheads.”
Can blackhead removal be done at home?
There are many ways to treat and remove blackheads at home, but in general, you want to “use medicated cleansers or medicinal products that help dissolve debris within the pores, regardless of whether the blackheads are on your cheeks or on your back.” said Dr. Rodney . Here are 10 ways:
Try salicylic acid.
First, look for active ingredients like salicylic acid, which is an ideal beta-hydroxy acid to remove blackheads. “Since it is oil soluble, it can penetrate deep into the pores and sebaceous glands to break up debris and sebum,” explains Dr. Rodney. She recommends using it in a daily cleanser, such as La Roche-Posay Effaclar Medicated Gel Cleanser.
Use benzoyl peroxide to get to the root of the problem.
Another effective and slightly more powerful option for blackheads is benzoyl peroxide, which is also popular in blackhead removal cleansers like CeraVe Acne Foaming Cream Cleanser. Helps dissolve dead skin cells over the top of the pimple, helping to open it up. Dr. Gymrek cautions against overdoing it and using more than is recommended in the product packaging directions, as doing so can dry out and irritate the skin.
Try stronger retinoids.
If all else fails, retinoids and retinol (a lighter version), both derivatives of vitamin A, can be very effective in treating blackheads, explains Dr. Rodney: “Retinoids change the way you skin cells evolve from the inside out, to prevent pores from clogging and forming acne. “Retinoids are available by prescription and in dosages. (Bonus: it also helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.) Dr. Gymrek and Dr. Bank recommend 0.1% adapalene gel, such as Differin.
Use steam for blackhead removal instantly
Start by steaming your face with steam to open your pores, suggests Dr. Bank. Then, “use two pieces of cotton or comedone extractor to gently press down on the sides of the blackheads,” she says. “Don’t use your hands, as this can cause bacteria and lead to infection.”This is the best way in which you can remove blackheads at home.
Get rid of blackheads overnight with a two-step process.
To make blackheads disappear in the morning, Dr. Bank recommends a two-step process: first apply a pores strip of pores and then a salicylic acid gel before going to bed.
Try Blackhead remover strips to remove blackheads on nose.
Blackhead remover Strips, such as Bioré Original Deep Cleansing Pore Strips, adhere to the skin of the nose and, when dry, the adhesive adheres to oil, sebum and dead skin cells, which are they remove when the tape is removed, Dr. Gymrek says. However, it can be irritating, so proceed with caution if you have rosacea or sensitive skin. If you are prone to developing blackheads on your nose, Dr. Bank also suggests using aBlackhead remover cream or serum containing salicylic acid regularly in this area and achieving a professional face with manual extractions.
Use a medicated cleanser to for blackhead removal on the back and body.
For blackheads on the back, “I recommend using benzoyl peroxide for your face or body lotion in the shower every day,” says Dr. Gymrek. Leave it on the skin for a minute or two before washing it off. She recommends trying a formula with 5% benzoyl peroxide to start and then going higher if your skin can tolerate it without irritation. Dr. Gymrek suggests that if the benzoyl peroxide is too dry, use a salicylic acid lotion instead.
Another option: Before bed, apply a thin layer of retinoid cream or gel to the area, starting every night, to avoid irritation. If you can’t reach your back, ask someone to help you apply the cream or try using a back wash. For stubborn blackheads, visit a dermatologist – Dr. Bank suggests Jessner Peel, which contains a combination of alpha and beta-hydroxy acids to deeply exfoliate skin and treat acne.
Be gentle with pimples on your cheeks.
If you have blackheads on your cheeks, “remember that this skin will be drier and possibly more sensitive to retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, or salicylic acid than other spots,” says Dr. Gymrek. You can use these ingredients, but in smaller amounts so that the skin does not become dry or irritated.
Beware of DIY blackhead removal tricks.
PSA from our dermatologists pros: Despite much talk on the Internet, toothpaste is not an effective treatment for blackheads, it is very strong and dries out the skin.
Contact your dermatologist for deep blackheads.
“For those very deep blackheads, you should consult a dermatologist or esthetician as they have special Blackhead remover tools that can safely remove the sticky substance trapped in the pores,” explains Dr. Drodney. “Do not try to remove it yourself, as it can cause trauma and scarring of the skin.”
How can you Remove Blackheads?
While you can’t get rid of blackheads permanently (sorry!), You can maintain a consistent skincare routine that includes the above tips to prevent pimples in the future. Always remove your makeup at night and wash your face twice a day. If possible, make sure to treat any underlying hormonal issues and remove thick or occlusive creams, makeup, or hair products if you think they may be an underlying cause.